Annual meeting of groundnut researchers at Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh which is jointly organized by Directorate of Groundnut Research (DGR), Junagadh and JAU from April 15-17, 2013.
Dr. C.J. Dangaria, Director Research, JAU, Junagadh welcomed the gathering. In his address he gave a note of the situation of oilseeds in general and groundnut in particular in Gujarat. He informed that groundnut is the major oilseed crop of Gujarat occupying about 18.0 lakh ha. He added that the Main Oilseeds Research Station of Junagadh have developed several varieties in oilseeds and groundnut for the benefit of the farmers. He indicated that the soil borne diseases is the major problem in groundnut cultivation and afflatoxin contamination is the problem for export promotion.
Dr. J.B. Misra, Director, DGR, Junagadh in his highlights of groundnut research informed that groundnut export touched an all time high during last year and reached to the tune of 6000 crores. The major issues are crop rotation, crop management, seed encapsulation to prolong the viability and nano technology and IPM. He also added that soil and water management is one of the key areas which can increase the groundnut yields. He emphasized the research programme should be oriented to address the soil borne pathogens and identification of efficient biocontrol agents.
Dr. S. N. Nigam, former Principal Groundnut Breeder, ICRISAT, Patancheru in his speech emphasized that groundnut is in the cross roads which has lost its groundnut from 8.6 m.ha to 4.2 m.ha during last year. He emphasized a re-look and approach for gaining the lost grounds and the stabilized the groundnut production in the country.Dr. N.C. Patel, Vice-Chancellor, JAU, Junagadh indicated the groundnut scenario of the country and different states. As regards Gujarat, he informed the house that 85% of the area lies in five districts of Saurashtra region. He also emphasized the achievements of JAU, Junagadh in releasing a number of groundnut varieties for general cultivation. He highlighted that efforts should be made to break the yield barriers through conventional and non-conventional approaches, development of short duration varieties to fit in the different cropping system, popularization of micro-irrigation system to save irrigation water and increase the fertilizer use efficiency. Bio-degradable mulching and new storage techniques are the other key areas. He also called for collaborative research between institutions and invited the scientists to visit the seed processing and food processing units of the JAU.
Finally the session ended with a vote of thanks by Dr. K.L. Dobaria, Principal